悖论:思维的魔方

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Coursera online courses
Coursera's online classes are designed to help students achieve mastery over course material. Some of the best professors in the world - like neurobiology professor and author Peggy Mason from the University of Chicago, and computer science professor and Folding@Home director Vijay Pande - will supplement your knowledge through video lectures. They will also provide challenging assessments, interactive exercises during each lesson, and the opportunity to use a mobile app to keep up with yo...
Coursera's online classes are designed to help students achieve mastery over course material. Some of the best professors in the world - like neurobiology professor and author Peggy Mason from the University of Chicago, and computer science professor and Folding@Home director Vijay Pande - will supplement your knowledge through video lectures. They will also provide challenging assessments, interactive exercises during each lesson, and the opportunity to use a mobile app to keep up with your coursework. Coursera also partners with the US State Department to create “learning hubs” around the world. Students can get internet access, take courses, and participate in weekly in-person study groups to make learning even more collaborative. Begin your journey into the mysteries of the human brain by taking courses in neuroscience. Learn how to navigate the data infrastructures that multinational corporations use when you discover the world of data analysis. Follow one of Coursera’s “Skill Tracks”. Or try any one of its more than 560 available courses to help you achieve your academic and professional goals.

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Humanities
Sciences & Technology
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Course Description

“悖论”(paradox)指思维中深层次的矛盾,并且是难解的矛盾。它们是巨大且艰深的理智难题,以触目惊心的形式向我们展示了:我们的看似合理、有效的“共识”、“前提”、“推理规则”在某些地方出了问题,我们思维中最基本的概念、原理、原则在某些地方潜藏着风险。悖论对人类理智构成严重挑战,并在人类的认知发展和科学发展中起重要作用。 本课程将讲授历史上已经提出的一些著名悖论,涉及的论题有:一些扰人的二难困境;模糊性:连锁悖论;芝诺悖论和无穷之迷;逻辑-数学悖论;语义悖论;休谟问题和归纳悖论;认知悖论;合理行动和决策的悖论;道德悖论;中国古代文化中的悖论;对于悖论的进一步思考,如此等等。 我认为,大学里应该传授两类知识:一类知识“实实在在”,另一类知识“奇奇怪怪”。 学习第一类知识后,你能够成为此类知识的使用者和传播者,成为社会所需要的合格的劳动者,能够直接在企事业单位就业,也为自己谋一份体面而有尊严的生活。 学习第二类知识,则有助于打破你的思维定势,开拓你的理智空间,激发你的理智好奇心,使你养成独立思考的习惯,培养一种健康、温和的怀疑主义态度,培养一种宽容和接纳的文明态度,能够成为民主社会中独立自主、理性负责的公民,经进一步深造后,有可能成为知识的创造者和生产者,成为各行各业中的精英人物。 “悖论”(paradox)典型地属于“奇奇怪怪”的知识。
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